“After many attempts to secure reform of the National Safeguarding Team and the secretive Core Groups of the Church of England, we reluctantly reach the conclusion that there is no alternative but to seek the outside intervention of the Charity Commission, to call the Archbishops’ Council to account for its stewardship of these structures and the manner in which it has discharged its trustee duties of oversight.”
So begins the Micah 6:8 Initiative, a petition which accompanies the letter to Baroness Stowell, Chair of the Charity Commission, asking her to intervene, because: “The Church has lost the trust of complainants and respondents alike, and is widely regarded to have placed the consideration of reputation management above due and transparent process, equality of treatment, ordinary standards of natural justice and human rights.”
The architects of the petition explain: “We are calling this the Micah 6:8 Initiative because the Church of England fails to do justice, lacks mercy, and shows precious little humility when the problems are brought to its attention. The problems continue to the present time in acute form.”
Charles Moore wrote about one inequity (indeed, iniquity) in the Telegraph this week. ‘The Church’s idea of justice is an unholy mess‘. Picking up on injustices and inconsistencies previously covered on this blog, he asks: “How can a former archbishop of Canterbury have his Permission to Officiate removed without being accused of anything?”
No explanation has been forthcoming from Church House, so it is time to wash the dirty safeguarding linen in public. The Anglican breadth (and political-legal depth) of the signatories speaks volumes:
The Rt Hon Baroness Stowell of Beeston, MBE
Chair of the Charity Commission
102 Petty France
London SW1H 9AJ
Tuesday 11 August 2020
Dear Baroness Stowell,
We write as interested parties to ask that the Charity Commission exercise its powers of intervention to address the failures of the Archbishops’ Council of the Church of England (charity number 1074857) to devise a safe, consistent and fair system of redress to all parties engaged in safeguarding complaints.
The structures of the Established Church are complex with responsibilities both devolved and diffuse. In addition to 42 Dioceses operating local jurisdiction, there is a National Safeguarding Team (NST), reporting to the Secretary General (William Nye) through a National Safeguarding Director (Melissa Caslake). Policy is devised and guidelines issued by the House of Bishops; there is a Lead Bishop for Safeguarding (currently the Bishop of Huddersfield, Jonathan Gibbs) working with two assistant Bishops (a relatively new innovation) and with further responsibility undertaken by the National Safeguarding Steering Group (NSSG) chaired by the Lead Bishop with its members appointed by the two Archbishops. In addition, there is a National Safeguarding Panel (NSP), “set up to provide vital reference and scrutiny from a range of voices, including survivors, on the development of policy and guidance” with an independent (external) Chair, Meg Munn. The power to suspend under the Clergy Discipline Measure is reciprocally exercised by the two archbishops in cases involving themselves.
There is now some urgency over addressing the impaired transparency and intermittent accountability of the NST. Within such a complex structure, it is extraordinarily difficult for aggrieved parties to secure redress of individual grievance, for questions to be raised, or for policy and its implementation (or lack thereof) to be challenged. We address our complaint to the Archbishops’ Council as the body with ultimate responsibility, established by the National Institutions Measure 1998. It is accountable to the General Synod but is not subordinate to it. In effect, it acts as the national executive of the Church of England.
We are writing as, despite raising significant questions over policy and practice, there is only a nominal institutional acceptance of the need for reform. True, there is now a process underway for a replacement of the widely discredited Clergy Discipline Measure 2003, and the final report of the Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse (IICSA) into the Anglican Church is awaited. However, the continuing flow of cases of injustice leads us to seek early intervention from the Charity Commission. We do this with reluctance, having tried and failed to secure redress through multiple complaints across the structure.
The signatories to this letter come from a wide range of backgrounds, and all are people with interest in and experience of the current system, policies, and culture within the Church. They include aggrieved complainants, respondents, lawyers, members of the General Synod, clergy, laity and the contributing authors to the book Letters to a Broken Church (published in July 2019) which collected a range of essays exploring the many ways the current system fails all involved.
Much of the discontent centres upon the secretive world of the National Safeguarding Team (NST) core groups, which act in ways reminiscent of the Star Chamber, synonymous with the selective use of arbitrary unaccountable power, concentrating effective control of process in the hands of a very few, who exercise wide-ranging discretions afforded by guidelines devised by Church House administrators and issued by the House of Bishops.
Such discretion includes ignoring those very guidelines. Even then, these guidelines are demonstrably inadequate, and are not applied consistently, fairly, or impartially. Whilst the core groups are not independently advised by lawyers experienced in good safeguarding practice, there is the omnipresence of communications advisors, sometimes more than one. The deepest suspicion of those subjected to this process, and many taking an outside observer’s interest, is that these are bodies that function as quasi-judicial adversarial proceedings without the requisite checks and balances of due process, failing all tests of natural justice, and which prioritise the reputation of the Church above common standards of natural fairness.
This letter is prompted by the processes exposed in three current cases. We do not take a view on the individual merits or outcomes of these, but refer to them as typical, representative indicators of the arbitrariness of how the system malfunctions. These cases have revealed the following:
1. There is an absence of a properly constituted appeal or review procedure at any stage of the process. No matter how egregious the failures to abide by the Church’s own rules or basic principles of law and good practice may be, there is no remedy.
2. There is an absence of a comprehensive conflicts of interest policy and, in its absence, an unwillingness to exercise available discretions in the selection guidance and management of the core group membership, so as to ensure a fair and unbiased process throughout their deliberations. A simple illustration suffices. A legal firm may act as advisors to a Diocese which may ultimately play a part in concluding a case, and may simultaneously act for a complainant, but not a respondent. This is currently happening with no institutional awareness of impropriety or willingness to resolve such blatant conflict of interest. The right to a fair trial and preservation of a degree of “equality of arms” are both observed in the breach.
3. When institutional jurisdiction is in question, the Church asserts jurisdiction, but does not explain its reasoning in matters of complex and obscure law. It is unfair to place responsibility for test-case litigation on an individual when the problem lies with the institution. The decision as to who is, and who is not, within the Church’s jurisdiction appears to be arbitrarily and selectively applied without the principles upon why such distinctions are drawn being convincingly advanced for scrutiny.
4. When there have been breaches of the Church’s own rules designed to ensure procedural fairness, there has been secrecy and reluctance to acknowledge error. Thus, in the Dean Percy case, the absence of proper minute-taking has been obfuscated and glossed over. A core group met on 13 March 2020, but no one was designated as a minute-taker. The complainants have received the ex post facto notes created three months later, whereas the Dean is refused even redacted copies. When a replacement Chair of the core group was appointed, she was the undisclosed professional referee for the Investigator.
5. There has been inconsistency and arbitrariness in the way persons were admitted to or excluded from presence or representation at core groups. Thus, three complainant dons from Christ Church, Oxford (none of them primary victims or witnesses of alleged abuse) attended the Dean Percy core group meeting on 13th March, whereas the victim complainant known as “Graham” was neither invited to attend nor attended the core group considering his complaint against the Archbishop of Canterbury, nor was he told it was being convened. This is perceived as selective and privileged access.
6. Having expended charitable monies on independent reports to make recommendations on safeguarding practice, for the benefit and safety of complainants and respondents alike, and having accepted the recommendations thereof, there has been a longstanding failure to make timely changes by the implementation of rule revision, protocol, or any other practical means to put right the historic failures and malpractices which have continued. Thus, all but one of the recommendations of the 2017 Carlile Review into the Bishop George Bell case were accepted, but not implemented; and the process errors are still replicated at this time in current cases. Lord Carlile has recently opined:
“I do not believe that the Church has got to grips with the fundamental principles of adversary justice, one of which is that you must disclose the evidence that you have against someone, and give them an equal opportunity to be heard as those making the accusation.
“And you cannot give them an equal opportunity if there are conflicts of interest involved. Anyone with a conflict of interest must leave the deliberations and take no further part. This is what lawyers understand as the law of apparent bias. It’s not to say that such people are biased: that’s often misunderstood. It is the appearance of bias that matters.
“Having people on a core group with a conflict of interest is simply not sustainable and is, on the face of it, unlawful.
“And to fail to allow the person accused to represent themselves, or be represented, in the full knowledge of the accusation, is not sustainable, and is, on the face of it, unlawful.”
7. There is a regime in which partiality, privilege and reputational management have taken precedence over due process and proper standards appropriate to an adversarial quasi-judicial process. Thus, the 84-year-old Lord Carey had his Permission to Officiate (‘PTO’) summarily revoked in June 2020 within days of historic information arising (relating to events over 30 years ago), and the press notified, whereas the newly-chosen Archbishop of York retained anonymity from the outset of process until a benign judgment was announced. We take no position on the justice of the outcome but highlight the contrast which brings the Church and its systems into disrepute though a perception of bias and privilege.
8. When unfairness and breaches of principles of natural justice and human rights legislation have been brought to the attention of those charged with the responsibility to manage fair and proper process, there has been a refusal to set aside bad process and a prioritisation of “saving face” rather than a willingness to rectify error and restore proper process.
Any one of the above reasons is serious to those adversely affected by the Church’s longstanding poor practice in this field. Collectively and cumulatively it is a picture of ongoing injustice. The institutional strategy persistently to ignore or deny the serious character of these deficiencies falls well below what is expected of the Established Church, and the failure of Archbishops’ Council to call those with operational responsibility to account represents an important dereliction of trustee duties.
Many of those affected or potentially affected are significantly conflicted. At the recent ‘virtual’ meeting of the General Synod (on 11 July 2020) we learnt that there are 27 extant NST core groups. We understand that they relate to complaints against senior clergy, namely bishops and cathedral deans. Some, undoubtedly, will relate to currently-serving diocesan bishops. Virtually all the CDM complaints against the episcopacy of which we are aware result in “no further action” in the cases of currently serving bishops. Those no longer in office seem less protected. It is probably fair to say that there is a powerful disincentive to speak publicly for reasons of collegiality and self-interest. Those who manage the processes within the administration defend reputation and the retention of the powers they de facto exercise. Yet, those of us who have campaigned for reform are often privately urged to “keep doing what you are doing”.
These problems need resolving and the ongoing replication of the same errors in current cases lead us to the reluctant conclusion that outside intervention is now needed, and so we come from many perspectives, many experiences, and many parts of the Church to ask that you intervene to mandate the Archbishops’ Council of the Church of England to account for its failure to rectify serious errors or manage these processes in the interests of justice towards complainants and respondents alike. The risk of not doing so is that this charity sector as a whole will suffer, and that the egregious failures of safeguarding practice and protocol, with the Archbishops’ Council over the NST, will affect churches and charities across the land, causing further and significant collateral damage.
David Lamming, Member of General Synod; Barrister (retired)
Martin Sewell, Member of General Synod; Child Protection Solicitor (retired)
Lord Carlile of Berriew CBE, QC
His Honour Alan Pardoe QC
Sir Jonathan Phillips KCB
Prof Sir Iain Torrance KCVO, Kt, President Emeritus of Princeton Theological Seminary
Prof Nigel Biggar, Regius Professor of Moral and Pastoral Theology, University of Oxford
Prof Linda Woodhead, Lancaster University; contributor to ‘Letters to a Broken Church’
Revd Jonathan Aitken
David Pearson, Founder of thirtyone:eight – Christian Safeguarding Charity
Mike Hames, Former Detective Superintendent and Head of the Paedophile Unit at Scotland Yard
Gilo, Co-editor of ‘Letters to a Broken Church’ ; IICSA core participant; ‘victim of the NST’
Christina Rees CBE, Contributor to ‘Letters to a Broken Church’; member of General Synod 1990-2015; founding member of the Archbishops’ Council
Andrew Carey, ‘Victim of the NST’
Dr Ruth Hildebrandt Grayson, Historian and freelance writer
David Mason, Former Assistant Diocesan Secretary, Lincoln and Governance and Administration Manager, Chichester
Prof John Charmley, Pro Vice-Chancellor Academic Strategy & Research, St Mary’s University
Revd Simon Talbott, Member of General Synod
‘A Survivor’ Survivor of sexual assaults by the Revd Meirion Griffiths
Richard Scorer, Head of Abuse Law, Slater & Gordon, solicitors; contributor to ‘Letters to a Broken Church’
Revd Valerie Plumb, Member of General Synod
Rt Revd Alan Wilson, Bishop of Buckingham; contributor to ‘Letters to a Broken Church’
Graham Sawyer, ‘Victim of Peter Ball, the NST and the Church Establishment’
Revd Stephen Heard
Simon Barrow, Director of ‘Ekklesia’
Revd Stephen Trott, Member of General Synod
Revd Paul Benfield, Member of General Synod; synodal secretary of the Convocation of York
Margery Roberts, Secretary of the Society of the Faith
Revd Canon Angela Tilby, Canon Emeritus of Christ Church Cathedral, Oxford
Julian Whiting, Survivor
Simon Sarmiento, Editor, ‘Thinking Anglicans’ blog
Revd Janet Fife, Survivor of Rev. X and the NST, Co-editor of ‘Letters to a Broken Church’
‘Graham’, Iwerne Trust/John Smyth survivor; ‘victim of the NST’
Andrew Chandler, Professor of Modern History at Chichester University; Biographer of Bishop George Bell.
Revd Canon Rosie Harpe,r Member of General Synod; contributor to ‘Letters to a Broken Church’; Co-author of ‘To Heal not to Hurt’
Dr Janet Lord, Bishop Whitsey and NST survivor; contributor to ‘Letters to a Broken Church’
Rev. Mark Carey, respondent, and victim of the NST
Revd Dr WS Monkhouse
Revd Matt Ineson, Victim of the Revd Trevor Devamanikkam, CofE bishops and NST
Revd Nathan Ward
Revd Stephen Parsons, Editor, ‘Surviving Church’ blog
Kathryn Tucker, Member of General Synod
IICSA core participant ‘AN 87’, Victim of Bishop Peter Ball and the NST
Tina Ney, Member of General Synod
Andy Morse, Victim of Iwerne Trust/John Smyth QC
Revd Peter Ould
Dr Josephine Anne Stein, Contributor to ‘Letters to a Broken Church’
Dr Tom Keighley PhD, FRCN, Clergy victim of the NST
April Alexander, Member of General Synod
Dr Adrian Hilton, Chairman of the Academic Council, The Margaret Thatcher Centre
Jane Chevous, Survivor of clergy abuse by two bishops; founder of ‘Survivors Voices’ – survivor-led peer support
Dr Gavin Ashenden, Former chaplain to HM The Queen; now supporting victims of abuse and maladministration
Very Revd Michael Sadgrove, Dean Emeritus of Durham Cathedral
Philip French, Member of General Synod
Kate Andreyev, Clergy wife
Revd Andrew Foreshew-Cain, Chaplain, Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford
Revd Dr Carrie Pemberton-Ford, Senior Fellow, Ethics and Public Life,
Margaret Beaufort, Institute of Theology
David Greenwood, Head of Child Abuse Compensation Team, Switalskis Solicitors
Janet Garnon-Williams, CPS prosecutor (retired)
Richard Symonds, The Bell Society
Revd Canon Dr Robin Gibbons, Ecumenical Canon, Christ Church Cathedral, Oxford
Sue Atkinson, Writer; survivor; member of ‘Survivors’ Voice’
Rt Revd David Atkinson, Assistant Bishop in the Diocese of Southwark; supporter of ‘Survivors’ Voice’
John Tasker, Lay Worker in the Church of England
Dr Peter Owen, Member of the Church of England
A Survivor, ‘A survivor of Diocese of Chichester abuse
If you wish to support this initiative publicly please sign the petition.
Some may wish to signify support privately, and may do so by sending an email to firstname.lastname@example.org with your name/chosen signifier, any brief self description you choose, and if appropriate, your CofE Diocese so that the range of support may be seen. This will be sent to the Charity Commission with the request that it remain private.
For background, please read or revisit We asked for Bread but you gave us Stones, which compiled a number of survivor responses to the experiences received at the hands of the Established Church; and Letters to a Broken Church, which includes some of this letter’s signatories as contributing authors.